SIM cards are great for consumers, as they make it easy to switch to a new phone (or a new carrier). But they're not ideal for embedded devices or enterprise use, where switching networks would be a massive pain. eSIM, a rewritable (but non-removable) card inside the device, is one solution to this problem. Google's Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL were the first phones to support eSIM, and some smartwatches (like the Apple Watch 3 and ZTE Quartz) use it.
ARM today announced a new technology called 'iSIM,' compliant with the GSMA Embedded SIM Specifications. It's primarily designed for Internet of Things (IoT) devices, and the SIM data is stored on a secure enclave. The primary advantage over the existing eSIM standard is reduced cost; while eSIM still uses a separate chip, iSIM is built into the device's processor.
It's too early to say if iSIM will make its way into smartphones, but if so, it will probably be a while. As mentioned above, there's still only one phone with eSIM support, and that's only for one carrier. Embedded SIM technology is more of a hassle than a convenience for consumers, but it could be very helpful in enterprise use. For example, companies could switch an entire fleet of phones from one carrier to another without the end user doing anything.
- ARM News