A to-do list/syncing note application and reminders go together like egg and cress. It makes you wonder why Evernote hasn't included a reminder/alarm function until now, but whatever the reason, it's been added in the 5.1 Android app update. Just tap the alarm icon on a new note to add one. Reminders for notes or events go in the greater "My Notes" list, allowing you to mark them off as you complete them. Android notifications will keep you up to speed on your approaching deadlines, and you can add email reminders as well.
Evernote's visual design is worthy of attention here.